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This class is targeted at the beginner who wants to learn electronics. It would make a fine prerequisite to the [[Microcontroller Course]] or the [[HAMClass]]
This class is targeted at the beginner who wants to learn electronics. It would make a fine prerequisite to the [[Microcontroller Course]] or the [[HAMClass]]
=== tease ===
=== tease ===
These images form a slide show and a gestalt introduction to electronics.
These images form a slide show and a gestalt introduction to electronics. In which we map the techniques available to hackers and their surrounding requisite building blocks.  
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/8/82/Mindmap.jpg]]mindmap
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/8/82/Mindmap.jpg]]mindmap
My hacking started with music and production. it wasn't exacly the tech; more for the the ride.
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/5/5c/Wmuc_main.jpg]] WMUC main studio
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/5/5c/Wmuc_main.jpg]] WMUC main studio
Complicated behaviour arises from iteration of simple models. Learning how to operate something like this is simpler and more subtle than it looks.
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/thumb/9/99/Wheatstone.jpg/800px-Wheatstone.jpg]] wheatstone broadcast console
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/thumb/9/99/Wheatstone.jpg/800px-Wheatstone.jpg]] wheatstone broadcast console
Easier to see is block diagram form; a gestural view of a complex system. WMUC recording suites and broadcast control rooms. Computing.
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/b/b9/Mixerschem.png]] signal diagram
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/b/b9/Mixerschem.png]] signal diagram
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/a/a3/Roofchill.png]] chill on the roof
Why study DC/baseband/RF electronics; anachronism?
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/a/a3/Roofchill.png]] chill on the roof.
Space shuttle shots; APRS , RACES, field day. Social technical effects require proficiency.
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/e/ea/W3eaxtower.png]] W3EAX tower
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/e/ea/W3eaxtower.png]] W3EAX tower
Small systems scale into big ones.  40,000 people at Operation ceasefire (united for peace& justice)  '05 at the national mall. Standing between SS, Park police and thousands of protesters.
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/d/d7/Ceasefirestage.jpeg]] ceasefire stage
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/d/d7/Ceasefirestage.jpeg]] ceasefire stage
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/3/30/Ceasefirecrowd.jpeg]] ceasefire 40k
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/3/30/Ceasefirecrowd.jpeg]] ceasefire 40k
No always smooth sailing.
*[[http://images.spaceref.com/news/2003/09.06.03.noaa-n.med.jpg]] mars needs bolts
*[[http://images.spaceref.com/news/2003/09.06.03.noaa-n.med.jpg]] mars needs bolts
Building whimsey.
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/b/bf/Dancepanel.jpeg]] lightup dance floor
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/b/bf/Dancepanel.jpeg]] lightup dance floor
Computer control over physical objects. microcontrollers + christmas tree lights.
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/f/f3/Dancectll.jpeg]] dance floor controller
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/f/f3/Dancectll.jpeg]] dance floor controller
Not always smooth. Electrical compatibility != political compatability
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/2/2c/Hhr.png]] hhr - phear the transaxle
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/2/2c/Hhr.png]] hhr - phear the transaxle
More small systems iterated.
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/c/cc/Igniterschem.jpeg]] fireworks diagram
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/c/cc/Igniterschem.jpeg]] fireworks diagram
DIY Ignition source in Berlin. in a pinch you don't need a parts catalog. 
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/9/91/Igniterface.jpeg]] igniter controller
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/9/91/Igniterface.jpeg]] igniter controller
Apologies to Dakami
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/d/d1/Fireworkscrates.jpeg]] fireworks crates
*[[http://wiki.hacdc.org/images/d/d1/Fireworkscrates.jpeg]] fireworks crates
Simple systems, RC control, Robots and igniters.
*[[http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_KqHQ-3WDqyk/SFqH25qqRwI/AAAAAAAAAS0/sJ2S8ppcBWQ/s1600-h/1055943372_295788412e.jpg]] wm greek fire
*[[http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_KqHQ-3WDqyk/SFqH25qqRwI/AAAAAAAAAS0/sJ2S8ppcBWQ/s1600-h/1055943372_295788412e.jpg]] wm greek fire



Revision as of 11:08, 23 June 2010

Electronics Class

This class is targeted at the beginner who wants to learn electronics. It would make a fine prerequisite to the Microcontroller Course or the HAMClass

tease

These images form a slide show and a gestalt introduction to electronics. In which we map the techniques available to hackers and their surrounding requisite building blocks.

My hacking started with music and production. it wasn't exacly the tech; more for the the ride.

  • [[2]] WMUC main studio

Complicated behaviour arises from iteration of simple models. Learning how to operate something like this is simpler and more subtle than it looks.

  • [[3]] wheatstone broadcast console

Easier to see is block diagram form; a gestural view of a complex system. WMUC recording suites and broadcast control rooms. Computing.

  • [[4]] signal diagram

Why study DC/baseband/RF electronics; anachronism?

  • [[5]] chill on the roof.

Space shuttle shots; APRS , RACES, field day. Social technical effects require proficiency.

  • [[6]] W3EAX tower

Small systems scale into big ones. 40,000 people at Operation ceasefire (united for peace& justice) '05 at the national mall. Standing between SS, Park police and thousands of protesters.

  • [[7]] ceasefire stage
  • [[8]] ceasefire 40k

No always smooth sailing.

  • [[9]] mars needs bolts

Building whimsey.

  • [[10]] lightup dance floor

Computer control over physical objects. microcontrollers + christmas tree lights.

  • [[11]] dance floor controller

Not always smooth. Electrical compatibility != political compatability

  • [[12]] hhr - phear the transaxle

More small systems iterated.

  • [[13]] fireworks diagram

DIY Ignition source in Berlin. in a pinch you don't need a parts catalog.

  • [[14]] igniter controller

Apologies to Dakami

  • [[15]] fireworks crates

Simple systems, RC control, Robots and igniters.

  • [[16]] wm greek fire

Required Materials

  • Soldering Iron (25-30w)
  • Solder ( 22ga )
  • Bread Board ( or AshClassBoard )
  • wire 24ga
  • 30ga solid core wire
  • Resistors 10kohm
  • variable resistor 10kohm linear
  • switch [[17]]
  • leds (various)
  • capacitor 470uf (ish) [[18]]
  • pn2222 transistor
  • lm386 audio amplifier ic
  • 1/8 male phono jack
Read The Fine Data Sheet:  They hide secrets in the documentation.

Power

  • Measured in watts (usally)
* .01w laser pointer
* .25w cell phone
* 1w 
* 15w car stereo
* 25w soldering iron
* 100w light bulb
* 1500w hair dryer
* 200 horsepower (750w/hp)
* 3 tons of Air conditioner capacity (3.5kw/ton)
  • The notion of instant work
  • Energy or work is expressed in joules (watt*second). Or perhaps (Kw*H)
  • Power(watts) = Current (Amps) * Volts

Metering

There are many like it but this one is mine.
  • Naming of parts
    • metering modes
      • restistance - Ohms of resistance
      • voltage - Volts
      • Current - Amps/Milliamps - check the leads
      • diode check - see [Diodes]
    • leads - plugged into the right ports?
  • Continuity testing
    • set the meter to the lowest resistance mode (200ohms or auto resistance)
    • reads "off scale" when the leads are unconnected, this is an open circuit
    • firmly touch leads together
    • reads near 0 if the leads are crossed
  • Voltage testing
    • set meter to 20Vdc or VautoDC
    • touch leads to metered points
    • the reading on the meter is the difference in voltages between the leads


Soldering

Hold the cold end.

Soldering ( for our purposes ) is the process of joining electrical contacts with a low melting point metal to make a mechanically and electrically strong connection.

  • Restrain long hair/clothing/jewelry.
  • Clean both parts of waxes, oils or debris.
  • Mechanically fit connections together
  • Clean and wet the iron
  • Heat both parts until hot
  • Apply just enough solder to wet the contact surfaces
  • Wait for the connection to shine smoothly
  • remove the iron an test the connection
    • the meter should find near 0 ohms of resistance between the two parts even when mechanically stressed.
    • the meter should read "off scale" to everything that should be isolated

SwitchLab

  • use the continuity meter to diagram the electrical layout of the switch.
  • solder switch to the board.
  • test under power with meter voltage setting

Wire

The basic wire is a pipe through which electrons can flow from the lowest voltage side to the highest (conventional current) up to the physical limits of the wire.

  • Current limit via wire gauge [19]
  • Voltage limit via insulation.
  • Magnetic and Electric fields surround an energized wire (what?!)
  • And wire will respond with current when moved through magnetic flux
BlueSmokeLab
Get this out of the way early (and often)
  • turn off the switch
  • Solder the 30ga wire ends on to the lab 0 area
  • stow fingers away from wire
  • turn on switch

Resistor

Not like the NYC variety

Resistors impede the flow of electrons across them; usually to protect components from excessive current.

Resistoriv.png

ResistorLab
  • solder resistors, meter and record;
  • compare to ohms law math

Diode

Diodeiv.png

ScaryDataSheetLab
  • a favorite led [20]
  • LED ( Light emitting diode ) are diodes with a clear case.
  • electrons only permitted to flow in one direction: cathode to anode
    • there are exceptions [diode breakdown voltage]
  • discontinuous IV curve
  • diode logic
  • the cathode is marked
  • the diode check function of the meter can reveal the correct polarity of a mystery diode with a suspect cathode mark.

Light Emitting Diode

  • the short lead is the cathode
  • LED's need current limiting (see BlueSmokeLab)
LEDLab
  • solder in 1kOhm resistor for the led , although you may use another if you can justify the value
  • Solder in the LED, with the short lead towards the ground.

Motor

Printed Circuits

Capacitor

470uf electrolytic cap

Capt.png wikipedia capacitor

Relays/Switches

Codespeak

  • SPDT - single pole dual throw
  • DPST - dual pole single throw
  • 4P10T - ???
- Map this mystery switchLab
Electromechanical relay is a switch that's controlled electrically.

pros

  • Easy to design for
  • debugging (listen for satisfying click)
  • excelent isolation
  • high power control/$

cons

  • high drive current (mostly)
  • noisy (mostly)
  • slow
  • moving parts (eeew)

a typical relay - map this mystery relay lab

Transistor

PN2222 N channel transistor

little amplifierlab

  • class A amp
  • DC blocking caps
  • bias resistors
  • fixed gain
  • inverted waveform

Digital Logic

  • AND C = A & B
  • OR C = A | B
  • NOT C = !A
  • NOR C = !(A|B)
  • NAND C = !(A&B)
  • MUX C = select A(n) based on B(n)

IC

LM386 Audio Amplifier [21]