Intro to Electronics

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Concept

The idea behind this course structure is for six sessions held a week apart. In order to provide a tangible end for students to feel like they’re working toward, each week will have a project; students will be walked through building that project and completing it by the end of the session.

In that sense, each week stands alone — a project started in one week does not need a future week in order to be complete. That said, later projects will depend on the knowledge gained in previous projects, and some of them will even be based on previous projects. (For example, Week 5’s project is a Larson scanner, and it uses Week 4’s project — a typical 555-based astable multivibrator circuit — to provide its clock signal.)

The course starts with a few basic circuit components (a voltage source, a resistor and an LED) and an explanation of typical prototyping equipment (breadboard and multimeter) and builds up to include regulated power supplies, basic optoelectronics and eventually digital logic.

It does not (at least in this draft) include much in the way of detailed exploration of analog electronics; it’s intended more as an introduction to the field of hobbyist electronics as a whole and to an assortment of the basic components one might find in a variety of projects.

Suggestions are, of course, welcome, as are other potential projects to use in place of some of the ones listed here. (In particular, a good introductory op-amp project might be handy to have.) I’ve listed component prices for 25 students; my goal would be to keep the cost per student at $25 or less — preferably more in the $20 range.

Syllabus

Week 1: Getting familiar with components

Goal: Light an LED with AA batteries and an on-off switch

Explanations:

  • Breadboard
    • What is it?
    • How is it organized?
    • Why is it useful?
    • Hands-on: Here's a breadboard
  • LED
    • What is it?
    • How does it work?
      • Not at the P/N junction level
      • Current goes in, light comes out
      • Current only flows in one direction (diode!)
      • Too much current = bad
    • Hands-on: Plug one into the breadboard
  • Battery
    • What is it?
    • How does it work?
      • Roughly constant voltage source for a while
      • Discharges over time — voltage decreases
        • Definition of "dead"
      • Maybe some chemistry? Doubtful, though
    • Hands-on: Batteries (three or four AAs) in a holder
      • Plug them into the breadboard
  • Switch
    • What is it?
    • How does it work?
      • Define poles and throws
    • Hands-on: Plug one (SPST) into the breadboard
  • Resistor
    • What is it?
    • How does it work?
      • Ohm's Law
        • Units of measurement
          • Ohm
          • Ampere
          • Volt
      • Non-polarized
      • Describe color codes
        • Give resources — memorizing is a bit daunting right now, I imagine
      • Tolerances — nothing's perfect
        • What does a <math>\pm 5%</math> tolerance mean?
    • Hands-on: Pick a resistor and plug it in to the breadboard
      • Select using Ohm's Law
  • Schematic
    • What is it?
    • Symbols
      • LED
      • Battery (DC source)
      • Switch
      • Resistor
      • Ground!
        • Define ground
    • Draw one
    • Hands-on: Connect components to match
      • Moment of truth: Turn it on!

Week 2: Test equipment

Week 3: Optoelectronics

Week 4: Oscillators — and the venerable 555

Week 5: Digital logic

Week 6: Soldering