Difference between revisions of "Lulzbot TAZ 1.0"

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(TAZ stepper motors)
(TAZ stepper motors)
Line 718: Line 718:
 
I '''think''' we have [https://www.lulzbot.com/store/parts/nema-17-stepper-motor NEMA 17 stepper motors]. The specs:
 
I '''think''' we have [https://www.lulzbot.com/store/parts/nema-17-stepper-motor NEMA 17 stepper motors]. The specs:
  
* [https://reprap.org/wiki/Stepper_motor#Step_angle Step angle]: '''1.8°'''
+
* [https://reprap.org/wiki/Stepper_motor#Step_angle Step angle]: '''1.8°''' = '''200 steps per revolution'''
 
* Holding torque: '''55 N.cm'''
 
* Holding torque: '''55 N.cm'''
 
* Rated voltage: '''2.8V'''
 
* Rated voltage: '''2.8V'''

Revision as of 18:52, 23 May 2019

TAZ v.1.0 Marlin firmware

Last edited by Ubuntourist (ubuntourist@hacdc.org) (kjc) 2019.02.14

See the forked Lulzbot TAZ 1.0 git repository on GitLab.

Determining which version of the TAZ and connecting to it

The “newest” addition to our collection of 3D printers is actually the oldest: The Lulzbot TAZ is actually, a Lulzbot TAZ 1.0 (according to the serial number on the back: KT-PR0010-5147).

The index.html at http://devel.lulzbot.com/TAZ/ says, among other things: *"B" - KT-PR0010 - TAZ 1.0

Using minicom, the baud rate was determined to be 115200. Sending G28 to home it made it grind gears.

$ pronsole
offline> connect /dev/ttyACM2 115200
ttyACM2 21°>

Eventually, I found http://download.lulzbot.com/TAZ/1.0/hardware/electronics/RAMBo/ which identifies the board as “based off of the Arduino MEGA” with “5 stepper drivers” and “5 MOSFET switched outputs” with documentation at http://reprap.org/wiki/rambo

As near as I can tell, the latest in firmware and other software lives at http://download.lulzbot.com/TAZ/1.0/software/current/firmware/Marlin/

Lulzbot offers instructions on re-flashing your 3D printer’s firmware and see also RepRap’s RAMBo firmware page.

Because we neither have the original paperwork for the TAZ, nor were the EEPROM settings previously enabled, we may be forced to determine the ESTEPS settings via, IMHO, a method fraught with inaccuracy by trying to manually calibrate using the OHAI instructions.

Adding a dynamic symlink to the TAZ…

After massaging the OS with the procedures listed in Dynamic symlinks for 3D printers we see:

$ pronsole
WARNING:root:Could not setup DBus for sleep inhibition: org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.NotSupported: Unable to autolaunch a dbus-daemon without a $DISPLAY for X11
Welcome to the printer console! Type "help" for a list of available commands.

offline>
offline> connect /dev/TAZ 115200
start          
Printer is now online
External Reset 
Marlin 1.0.0   
Last Updated: 2013-03-06 | Author: LulzBot
Compiled: Apr 17 2015
Free Memory: 5504  PlannerBufferBytes: 1232
TAZ PC>
TAZ 21°>

Note the details on the firmware. Namely:

  • Marlin 1.0.0
  • Last Updated: 2013-03-06 | Author: LulzBot
  • Compiled: Apr 17 2015

Fixing Arduino

The Arduino IDE complains

Ignoring bad library name <@pronterhost>

The library "U8glib-new" cannot be used.

Library names must contain only basic letters and numbers.

(ASCII only and no spaces, and it cannot start with a number.)

Und zo, after tracking down the symbolic links and such…

sudo -i
$ cd /usr/share/arduino/libraries
$ rm U8glib-new
$ mv /home/demo/Taz/Marlin/ArduinoAddons/Arduino_1.x.x/libraries/U8glib-new /home/demo/Taz/Marlin/ArduinoAddons/Arduino_1.x.x/libraries/U8glibNew
$ ln -s /home/demo/Taz/Marlin/ArduinoAddons/Arduino_1.x.x/libraries/U8glibNew .
$ exit

After switching computers and moving from Debian to Ubuntu Bionic Beaver (18.04), Arduino has a different complaint:

arduino "java.lang.NullPointerException thrown while loading gnu.io.RXTXCommDriver"

This is apparently due to the old "OpenJDK is NOT equal to Oracle Java" problem.

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linuxuprising/java
 Oracle Java 11 (LTS) and 12 installer for Ubuntu, Linux Mint and Debian.

Java binaries are not hosted in this PPA due to licensing. The packages in 
this PPA download and install Oracle Java 11, so a working Internet connection
is required.

The packages in this PPA are based on the WebUpd8 Oracle Java PPA packages:
https://launchpad.net/~webupd8team/+archive/ubuntu/java

Created for users of https://www.linuxuprising.com/

Installation instructions (with some tips), feedback, suggestions, bug reports etc.: 

Oracle Java 11: https://www.linuxuprising.com/2018/10/how-to-install-oracle-java-11-in-ubuntu.html
Oracle Java 12: https://www.linuxuprising.com/2019/03/how-to-install-oracle-java-12-jdk-12-in.html

About Oracle Java 10: This version reached the end of public updates, therefore it's no longer 
available for download. The Oracle Java 10 packages in this PPA no longer worked due to this, 
so I have removed them. Switch to Oracle Java 11 or OpenJDK 11 instead, which is long term support.
 More info: https://launchpad.net/~linuxuprising/+archive/ubuntu/java
Press [ENTER] to continue or Ctrl-c to cancel adding it.
...
$ sudo apt install oracle-java12-installer
...
$ sudo apt install oracle-java12-set-default
...

Sigh. And that was a no-go. Because we need five different versions of Java...

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
 Oracle Java (JDK) Installer (automatically downloads and installs Oracle JDK8). 
There are no actual Java files in this PPA.

Important -> Why Oracle Java 7 And 6 Installers No Longer Work: 
http://www.webupd8.org/2017/06/why-oracle-java-7-and-6-installers-no.html

Update: Oracle Java 9 has reached end of life: 
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk9-downloads-3848520.html

The PPA supports Ubuntu 18.10, 18.04, 16.04, 14.04 and 12.04.

More info (and Ubuntu installation instructions):
- http://www.webupd8.org/2012/09/install-oracle-java-8-in-ubuntu-via-ppa.html

Debian installation instructions:
- Oracle Java 8: http://www.webupd8.org/2014/03/how-to-install-oracle-java-8-in-debian.html

For Oracle Java 11, see a different PPA -> 
https://www.linuxuprising.com/2018/10/how-to-install-oracle-java-11-in-ubuntu.html
 More info: https://launchpad.net/~webupd8team/+archive/ubuntu/java
Press [ENTER] to continue or Ctrl-c to cancel adding it.

...
$ sudo apt install oracle-java8-installer oracle-java8-set-default
...

Gah! This is maddening! Apparently, now Arduino is out of date... again.

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install ubuntu-make
$ umake ide arduino
Choose installation path: /home/ubuntourist/.local/share/umake/ide/arduino
Downloading and installing requirements
...
$ dpkg --get-selections | grep -i arduino
arduino                                         install
arduino-core                                    install
arduino-mighty-1284p                            install
arduino-mk                                      install
$ sudo dpkg -P arduino arduino-core arduino-mighty-1284p arduino-mk
$ sudo -i
$ cd /opt
$ cp -rv /home/ubuntourist/.local/share/umake/ide/arduino .
$ mkdir bin
$ cd bin
$ ln -s ../arduino/arduino .
$ cd /etc/profile.d
$ cat > opt-bin.sh 
#!/bin/bash
# Written by Ubuntourist <ubuntourist@hacdc.org> 2019.04.11 (kjc)
#
# Add /opt/bin to the system path so that everyone can find Arduino
#

export PATH=$PATH:/opt/bin
^D

Calibrating the TAZ

$ pronsole
WARNING:root:Could not setup DBus for sleep inhibition: org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.ServiceUnknown: The name org.freedesktop.ScreenSaver was not provided by any .service files
Welcome to the printer console! Type "help" for a list of available commands.
offline> connect /dev/TAZ 115200
Printer is now online
TAZ 21°> move z 10
TAZ 21°> move x 10
TAZ 21°> move x 10
TAZ 21°> move x 10
TAZ 21°> move x 10
TAZ 21°> move x 10
TAZ 21°> move x 10
TAZ 21°> move x 10
TAZ 21°> settemp 215
Setting hotend temperature to 215.0 degrees Celsius.
TAZ 21°> 
TAZ 21°/215°> 
TAZ 21°/215°> 
TAZ 21°/215°> 
TAZ 22°/215°> 
   .
   .
   .
TAZ 215°/215°> 
TAZ 215°/215°> extrude 10
TAZ 215°/215°> extrude 10
TAZ 215°/215°> extrude 10
TAZ 215°/215°> extrude 40
   .
   .
   .

NOTE: Moving Z 10 “mm” resulted in the extruder assembly climbing WAY too high (especially compared to the multiple X movements which, even after 7 of them resulted in considerably less distance total.)

(Extrusion repeated until green filament residue became clear filament.) At which point Bobby took over and deemed the current feed calibration to be “close enough” but the ESTEPS value is still unknown.

BTW, Bobby says the Y calibration is 0.24 mm per step.

Fun with Firmware Flashing

Downloading all the firmware:

$ wget -r -np -R "index.html*" -e robots=off http://download.lulzbot.com/TAZ/1.0/software/current/firmware/Marlin/Marlin/

In order to get the current settings from the TAZ, EEPROM_SETTINGS needs to be enabled which is apparently done in Configuration.h

Hopefully, the arcane details can be ferreted out of the Marlin Configuration,h documentation

First, Configuration.h has ridiculously long lines, now word-wrapped for sanity.

Next, a more vexing problem, I think: pronterhost has Arduino v.2.1.0.5+dfsg2-4.1. Naturally, Marlin only offers Arduino add-ons for Arduino 0.xx and Arduino 1.x.x.

Fortunately, further research yielded a tidbit from the Arduino Playground: An SPI library is now included in the Arduino software. See the SPI library reference for details.

$ cd Marlin/ArduinoAddons
$ find . -type f

./Arduino_0.xx/Gen6/boards.txt
./Arduino_0.xx/libraries/SPI/keywords.txt
./Arduino_0.xx/libraries/SPI/SPI.cpp
./Arduino_0.xx/libraries/SPI/SPI.h
./Arduino_0.xx/libraries/LiquidCrystal/keywords.txt
./Arduino_0.xx/libraries/LiquidCrystal/LiquidCrystal.cpp
./Arduino_0.xx/libraries/LiquidCrystal/LiquidCrystal.h
./Arduino_0.xx/Sanguino/boards.txt
./Arduino_0.xx/Sanguino/programmers.txt
./Arduino_0.xx/Gen7/boards.txt
    
./Arduino_1.x.x/libraries/SPI/keywords.txt
./Arduino_1.x.x/libraries/SPI/SPI.cpp
./Arduino_1.x.x/libraries/SPI/SPI.h
./Arduino_1.x.x/libraries/LiquidCrystal/keywords.txt
./Arduino_1.x.x/libraries/LiquidCrystal/LiquidCrystal.cpp
./Arduino_1.x.x/libraries/LiquidCrystal/LiquidCrystal.h
./Arduino_1.x.x/sanguino/boards.txt

According to the SPI library reference documentation, the SPI stands for Serial Peripheral Interface`.

The LiquidCrystal library, as one might guess, allows Arduino to control LCDs. Since we don't have an LCD on this machine, it's currently irrelevant.

In a previous life, I used a tool called dfu-programmer to flash a PrintrBot's firmware... (Under Arch Linux, I have both the dfu-programmer and dfu-util packages installed.)

Preparation (additional installs and "research")

  • First:
sudo apt install dfu-programmer dfu-util avrdude repetier-host

(We're not actually using repetier-host but it may come in handy some day.)

  • Determine the board id by searching /etc/avrdude.conf for 2560. And the answer is: m2650.
  • Next, locate boards.txt in the arduino package and search the file for 2560.
  • Within the MEGA 2560 "stanza" locate the upload.protocol. As expected, this turns out to be wiring.
  • Determine the baud rate via stty < /dev/TAZ at the Bash prompt. In our case, 115200.

avrdude options:

  • -C = configuration file (/etc/avrdude)
  • -p = part (m2560)
  • -c = communications protocol (wiring)
  • -P = device "port" (/dev/TAZ)
  • -b = baud rate (115200)
  • -U = flash:r:filename.hex:i or eeprom:r:filename.hex:i

The flash and eeprom should be obvious enough. The :r: indicates a read from the board rather than a write to the board. filename.hex, again should be obvious, and finally the :i refers to the file format used -- in this case Intel hex format.

Backup the flash memory:

$ avrdude -C /etc/avrdude.conf -p m2560 -c wiring -P /dev/TAZ -b 115200 -U flash:r:flash-2019-02-14.hex:i

avrdude: AVR device initialized and ready to accept instructions

Reading | ################################################## | 100% 0.01s

avrdude: Device signature = 0x1e9801 (probably m2560)
avrdude: reading flash memory:

Reading | ################################################## | 100% 33.56s

avrdude: writing output file "flash-2019-02-14.hex"

avrdude: safemode: Fuses OK (E:FD, H:D0, L:FF)

avrdude done.  Thank you.

And the EEPROM:

$ avrdude -C /etc/avrdude.conf -p m2560 -c wiring -P /dev/TAZ -b 115200 -U eeprom:r:eeprom-2019-02-14.hex:i

avrdude: AVR device initialized and ready to accept instructions

Reading | ################################################## | 100% 0.01s

avrdude: Device signature = 0x1e9801 (probably m2560)
avrdude: reading eeprom memory:

Reading | ################################################## | 100% 4.20s

avrdude: writing output file "eeprom-2019-02-14.hex"

avrdude: safemode: Fuses OK (E:FD, H:D0, L:FF)

avrdude done.  Thank you.

Examining the dumped EEPROM .hex file above seems to indicate that it’s empty: Basically filled with binary 1’s (a.k.a. Hex FF, integer -1, Boolean TRUE).

See active-configuration.md for a look which lines are not commented out in Configuration.h.

For comparison, here’s what the Lulzbot Mini reports (word wrapped for sanity):

$ pronsole
WARNING:root:Could not setup DBus for sleep inhibition:
             org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.ServiceUnknown: The name
             org.freedesktop.ScreenSaver was not provided by any
             .service files
WARNING:root:RPC server bound on non-default port 7979
Welcome to the printer console! Type "help" for a list of available commands.
offline> connect /dev/MINI
start
Printer is now online
Marlin 1.1.0.11
Last Updated: 2016-04-27 12:00 | Author: (Aleph Objects Inc., LulzBot Mini)
Compiled: Dec 21 2016
Free Memory: 4404  PlannerBufferBytes: 1232
V23 stored settings retrieved (396 bytes)
Steps per unit:
M92 X100.50 Y100.50 Z1600.00 E833.00
Maximum feedrates (mm/s):
M203 X800.00 Y800.00 Z8.00 E40.00
Maximum Acceleration (mm/s2):
M201 X9000 Y9000 Z100 E1000
Accelerations: P=printing, R=retract and T=travel
M204 P2000.00 R3000.00 T2000.00
Advanced variables: S=Min feedrate (mm/s),
                    T=Min travel feedrate (mm/s),
                    B=minimum segment time (ms),
                    X=maximum XY jerk (mm/s),
                    Z=maximum Z jerk (mm/s),
                    E=maximum E jerk (mm/s)
M205 S0.00 T0.00 B20000 X12.00 Z0.40 E10.00
Home offset (mm):
M206 X0.00 Y0.00 Z0.00
PID settings:
M301 P28.79 I1.91 D108.51 C100.00 L20
M304 P294.00 I65.00 D382.00
Filament settings: Disabled
M200 D3.00
M200 D0
Z-Probe Offset (mm):
M851 Z-1.43
MINI PC>

Upgrading the Arduino IDE

The MatterHackers article “How To Successfully Flash Your 3D Printer’s Firmware” indicates we need a special RAMBo boards JSON file to install into the Arduino IDE…

The instructions for installing don’t match what I see… Sigh. Naturally, the Linux version has version number suggesting it is much more recent than whatever Arduino guides suggest using… But, wrong. And also naturally, there’s nothing distributed as a .deb package – at least not from a source I trust. So. I need to install using the official Arduino Guide for Linux.

$ sudo dpkg -P arduino arduino-core
[sudo] password for ubuntourist:
(Reading database ... 336652 files and directories currently installed.)
Removing arduino (2:1.0.5+dfsg2-4.1) ...
Purging configuration files for arduino (2:1.0.5+dfsg2-4.1) ...
Removing arduino-core (2:1.0.5+dfsg2-4.1) ...
dpkg: warning: while removing arduino-core, directory '/usr/share/arduino/libraries/Wire/utility' not empty so not removed
dpkg: warning: while removing arduino-core, directory '/usr/share/arduino/libraries/SPI' not empty so not removed
dpkg: warning: while removing arduino-core, directory '/usr/share/arduino/libraries/LiquidCrystal' not empty so not removed
dpkg: warning: while removing arduino-core, directory '/usr/share/arduino/hardware/tools' not empty so not removed
Processing triggers for shared-mime-info (1.10-1) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.8.5-2) ...
Processing triggers for hicolor-icon-theme (0.17-2) ...
Processing triggers for mime-support (3.62) ...
Processing triggers for desktop-file-utils (0.23-4) ...
$

And this is why we document… Apparently, the stock Arduino Debian packages have been futzed with, and I apparently wiped whatever mods might have been there.

/usr/share/arduino/libraries/Wire/utility$ ls -Al
total 36
-rw-r--r-- 1 demo demo 16386 Oct 19  2013 '#twi.c#'
lrwxrwxrwx 1 demo demo    49 Oct 19  2013  .#twi.c -> demo@pronterhost.organleggers.org.3334:1381110447
-rw-r--r-- 1 demo demo 16366 May  5  2013  twi.c~
$ cd /usr/share/arduino/libraries/Wire/utility
$ diff -u twi.c~ \#twi.c#
--- twi.c~      2013-05-05 13:55:52.000000000 -0500
+++ #twi.c#     2013-10-19 20:10:50.817962597 -0500
@@ -202,6 +202,7 @@
   while(TWI_READY != twi_state){
     continue;
   }
+
   twi_state = TWI_MTX;
   twi_sendStop = sendStop;
   // reset error state (0xFF.. no error occured)
@@ -210,11 +211,12 @@
   // initialize buffer iteration vars
   twi_masterBufferIndex = 0;
   twi_masterBufferLength = length;
-
+
   // copy data to twi buffer
   for(i = 0; i < length; ++i){
     twi_masterBuffer[i] = data[i];
   }
+

   // build sla+w, slave device address + w bit
   twi_slarw = TW_WRITE;
@@ -224,6 +226,7 @@
   // in the ISR. Don't do it again.
   //
   if (true == twi_inRepStart) {
+
     // if we're in the repeated start state, then we've already sent the start,
     // (@@@ we hope), and the TWI statemachine is just waiting for the address byte.
     // We need to remove ourselves from the repeated start state before we enable interrupts,
@@ -242,7 +245,7 @@
   while(wait && (TWI_MTX == twi_state)){
     continue;
   }
-
+  return twi_state;
   if (twi_error == 0xFF)
     return 0;  // success
   else if (twi_error == TW_MT_SLA_NACK)
$

And, whatever demo@pronterhost.organleggers.org.3334:1381110447 was, it appears to be no more. The symbolic link above points nowhere. A more complete picture of what the purge did not remove:

$ cd /usr/share/arduino
$ ls -AR
.:
hardware  libraries

./hardware:
Sanguino  tools

./hardware/Sanguino:
boards.txt  bootloaders  cores  programmers.txt

./hardware/Sanguino/bootloaders:
atmega644p

./hardware/Sanguino/bootloaders/atmega644p:
ATmegaBOOT_324P.hex  ATmegaBOOT_644.hex  ATmegaBOOT_644P.hex  ATmegaBOOT.c  Makefile  README.txt

./hardware/Sanguino/cores:
arduino

./hardware/Sanguino/cores/arduino:
 binary.h             main.cpp         Print.h        WConstants.h      wiring_digital.c   wiring_shift.c   WString.h
'Copy of wiring.h'    pins_arduino.c   Stream.h       WInterrupts.c     wiring.h           WMath.cpp
 HardwareSerial.cpp   pins_arduino.h   Tone.cpp       wiring_analog.c   wiring_private.h   WProgram.h
 HardwareSerial.h     Print.cpp        WCharacter.h   wiring.c          wiring_pulse.c     WString.cpp

./hardware/tools:
'#avrdude.conf#'

./libraries:
hardware  libraries  LiquidCrystal  SPI  U8glib  u8glib_arduino_v1.18.1.zip  U8glibNew  Wire

./libraries/LiquidCrystal:
LiquidCrystal

./libraries/SPI:
SPI

./libraries/Wire:
utility

./libraries/Wire/utility:
'#twi.c#'   .#twi.c   twi.c~

So let's remove everything and install...

$ sudo rm -rf /usr/share/arduino
$ cd ~/
$ mkdir build
$ cd buid
$ tar xJvf arduino-1.8.8-linux32.tar.xz
$  sudo ./install.sh
Adding desktop shortcut, menu item and file associations for Arduino IDE... done!

Gah! Who said I wanted a desktop?

$ sudo ./uninstall.sh
Removing desktop shortcut and menu item for Arduino IDE... done!

So. I have to run from within the user directory where I untarred. Bleah! Let's not.

$ sudo -i
$ cp -vr arduino-1.8.8 /opt/
$ mkdir /opt/bin
$ cd /opt/bin
$ ln -s ../arduino-1.8.8/arduino .
$ cd /etc
$ edit profile
... add /opt/bin to start of PATH ...
PATH=/opt/bin:...
$ exit
$ rm -rf arduino-1.8.8

Compiling and uploading with modified Configuration.h

$ arduino

...Preferences -> Additional Boards Manager URLs
...https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ultimachine/ArduinoAddons/master/package_ultimachine_index.json
...Tools -> Board -> Board Manager -> RAMBo -> Install
...Tools -> Board -> Rambo
...Tools -> Port -> /dev/ttyACM1  # SUBJECT TO CHANGE !!!
...File -> Load -> Marlin.ino     # (Navigate to directory first)
...(checkbox, i.e. compile)
...(right arrow, i.e. upload)

Sketch uses 48566 bytes (18%) of program storage space. Maximum is 258048 bytes.
Global variables use 2627 bytes of dynamic memory.
Sketch uses 48566 bytes (18%) of program storage space. Maximum is 258048 bytes.
Global variables use 2627 bytes of dynamic memory.

$ pronsole
WARNING:root:Could not setup DBus for sleep inhibition:
             org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.ServiceUnknown:
	     The name org.freedesktop.ScreenSaver was not provided by
	     any .service files
WARNING:root:RPC server bound on non-default port 7979
Welcome to the printer console! Type "help" for a list of available commands.
offline> connect /dev/TAZ
start
Printer is now online
External Reset
Marlin 1.0.0
Last Updated: 2013-03-06 | Author: LulzBot
Compiled: Feb 14 2019
Free Memory: 5429  PlannerBufferBytes: 1232
Using Default settings:
Steps per unit:
M92 X100.50 Y100.50 Z800.00 E800.00
Maximum feedrates (mm/s):
M203 X500.00 Y500.00 Z10.00 E45.00
Maximum Acceleration (mm/s2):
M201 X9000 Y9000 Z100 E10000
Acceleration: S=acceleration, T=retract acceleration
M204 S500.00 T3000.00
Advanced variables: S=Min feedrate (mm/s),
                    T=Min travel feedrate (mm/s),
		    B=minimum segment time (ms),
		    X=maximum xY jerk (mm/s),
		    Z=maximum Z jerk (mm/s)
M205 S0.00 T0.00 B20000 X5.00 Z0.40 E5.00
Home offset (mm):
M206 X0.00 Y0.00 Z0.00
PID settings:
M301 P22.20 I1.08 D114.00
TAZ PC>
TAZ 22°> M501
SENDING:M501
Using Default settings:
Steps per unit:
M92 X100.50 Y100.50 Z800.00 E800.00
Maximum feedrates (mm/s):
M203 X500.00 Y500.00 Z10.00 E45.00
Maximum Acceleration (mm/s2):
M201 X9000 Y9000 Z100 E10000
Acceleration: S=acceleration, T=retract acceleration
M204 S500.00 T3000.00
Advanced variables: S=Min feedrate (mm/s),
                    T=Min travel feedrate (mm/s),
		    B=minimum segment time (ms),
		    X=maximum xY jerk (mm/s),
		    Z=maximum Z jerk (mm/s)
M205 S0.00 T0.00 B20000 X5.00 Z0.40 E5.00
Home offset (mm):
M206 X0.00 Y0.00 Z0.00
PID settings:
M301 P22.20 I1.08 D114.00
TAZ 22°>

Success!


Miscellaneous e-mail

From: Julia Longtin <julia.longtin@gmail.com> Date: Fri, Jan 18, 2019 at 8:27 AM

> AFAIK, all taz machines are using the same, or possibly slightly different rambo boards. the machines are different, but the electronics should be the same. I think the software stack i have for the previous taz might work.. but honestly, the over-usb programming is a HUGE pain. better to get an ISP device that supports the atmega 2560.

Hmmm... How old / new is the Atmega 2560? I'll need to dig a bit, but HacDC did a "group buy" for Elliot Williams' class and I seem to recall this "thingie" (as Jen would say) that had some ribbon cables and programmed some board with "Tiny" in the name. It's been 10 years and 10,00 beers. So, I'm a bit fuzzy on the details.

> I'd like to get the changes i made for /dev/TAZ and /dev/ROSTOCK documented, but i will need some sort of access to pronterhost.

Do you mean the way that those are auto-symlinked to the appropriate /dev/ttyACM-whatever-du-jour? Or something more?

> I'd like to coordinate with someone to do a daytime session remotely... and remind everyone who calls me that i'm 6 hours ahead. possibly someone could put up a 'berlin time' clock on the wall? ;)


From: Julia Longtin <julia.longtin@gmail.com> Date: Fri, Jan 18, 2019 at 9:42 AM

yeah, the auto symlink thing is neat, and should be documented. the 2560 is pretty old now, but it's not the one most of the programmers will target. there are a dozen programmers around the space that won't work for it.


From: Kevin Cole <dc.loco@gmail.com> Date: Tue, Feb 19, 2019 at 3:01 PM

I've turned on EEPROM stuff in the firmware and it appears to be working. But, my changes to the Z axis steps per mm change the actual movement in apparently random ways.

The very last section of the README.md: More calibration info shows what I thought was the correct formula but it was WAY off. But so was 400, 200, 220, 205, 102 etc. And, I thought that shrinking the number should have consistently reduced the distance, but I wasn't even getting that. (At 102, it even jammed up one time and ran the motor continuously without moving the Z axis at all, but attempting to repeat that experiment did not yield the same result.)


From: Julia Longtin <julia.longtin@gmail.com> Date: Tue, Feb 19, 2019 at 3:11 PM

now you need to adjust the speed.


Search terms: "export" OR "backup" OR "dump" arduino firmware "avrdude" OR "dfu-utils" OR "dfu-util" OR "dfu-programmer"

Promising leads:

Preview YouTube video Arduino MEGA 2560 firmware and eeprom backup

Axis steps per unit

The stepper motor receives step by step moving command from the controller. The controller needs to know the steps/mm ratio to send the appropriate steps to reach the required distance. How many steps are needed to move an axis by 1 mm?

Belts and pulley (usually xy axis):

steps_per_mm = (motor_steps_per_rev * driver_microstep) / (belt_pitch * pulley_number_of_teeth)

lead screw (z axis)

steps_per_mm = (motor_steps_per_rev * driver_microstep) / thread_pitch

Direct drive extruder:

e_steps_per_mm = (motor_steps_per_rev * driver_microstep) / (hob_effective_diameter * pi)

See the example of bowden extruder

Extruder with gear reduction:

e_steps_per_mm = (motor_steps_per_rev * driver_microstep) * (big_gear_teeth / small_gear_teeth) / (hob_effective_diameter * pi)

DEFAULT_AXIS_STEPS_PER_UNIT   {X,Y,Z,E1}

#define DEFAULT_AXIS_STEPS_PER_UNIT   {80,80,200.0*8/3,760}

Search terms: configure rambo marlin taz 1.0 z axis distance


The above appear to be the same nut, and the second link has a blueprint with measurements.

I'm starting by duplicating the nut. Would like to print it to see how well it matches the real thing (sans threading)...

// Source:
//  https://www.banggood.com/Brass-Flange-Nut-For-3D-Printer-Z-Axis-8mm-Stainless-Steel-p-973107.html?cur_warehouse=CN
//  https://www.amazon.com/Drillpro-400mm-Lead-Screw-Printer/dp/B017AR5QBS
//
// The rod (screw) specs:
//
//    Lead screw diameter:      8 mm
//    Lead screw Length:      400 mm
//    Pitch (a.k.a. spacing):   2 mm (threads are 2 mm apart?)
//    Lead:                     8 mm (360-degree turn = 8 mm displacement?)
//    Lead screw (of) thread:   8 mm (360-degree turn = 8 mm displacement?)
//
//    Therefore: 4 "starts" (* 2 mm pitch = 8 mm lead or thread)

Very helpful-looking!


TAZ stepper motors

I think we have NEMA 17 stepper motors. The specs:

  • Step angle: 1.8° = 200 steps per revolution
  • Holding torque: 55 N.cm
  • Rated voltage: 2.8V
  • 2 phase
  • Resistance per phase: 2.8,±10%
  • Inductance per phase: 4.8,±20%
  • Operation temp range: -20°C ~ +50°C
  • Weight: 0.365Kg
  • 4 AWG22 lead wires (ends are bare and need connectors)
  • 5mm D-shaped motor shaft