From HacDC Wiki
Scanning, e-beam lens correction, and image acquisition functions may need to be taken over by software and/or rapidly prototyped analog hardware. Complex synchronous waveforms may need to be synthesized at high-speed in response to other high-speed events. Probably the most demanding task is to correct "wiggle" on one axis while sweeping the beam across another. Internal voltages may range from 1uV-30kV.
- ~100kHz Analog I/O Bandwidth
- 209.5dB Dynamic Range (not necessarily continuous, though it would be nice)
- At least 18 input and 18 output channels.
- In-phase acquisition and response.
- One-shot sample-and-hold behavior may be acceptable.
Maximum Speed, Maximum Dynamic Range ADC/DACs
Modern audio devices can achieve approximately 120dB dynamic range at 192kHz sampling rates. The remaining 89.5dB (1V-30kV) dynamic range may be achieved through rarely switched gain programming resistors.
Usually these devices operate over I2S. Unfortunately, the I2S protocol requires ~4.6MHz per 24bit 192kS/s channel. Reading or driving 18 channels would require ~83MHz.
In-phase data acquisition response requires precise synchronization and low-latency (<100 microseconds). This probably necessitates a shared clock, and host software may need to implement one-shot functionality rather than real-time response. If synchronization between inputs and outputs is not feasible, a timing signal may be fed from an analog output to an analog input.
Candidate devices include:
- ES9018 (Claims to be a 32-bit DAC.)
I2S port seems to be derived from HDMI, which is output only.
I2S port speed doesn't seem to be specified, though one individual reports the use of a software clock to generate 19.2MHz, which some problems.
USB input, I2S output mode only. Unknown I2S port speed.
ATMega32U4 chips can quickly provide USB connectivity and manage ADC/DAC devices. Unfortunately, these systems are slow.
Probably the only way we can efficiently interface with a massive load of I2S devices. Need to get something easy to program, and compatible with important OpenCores like OpenRISC and I2S.
Platforms under consideration:
- spartan3 (HacDC may already have some.)
- Mojo v3 FPGA Development Board
- Altera DE0 Board
Some USRP devices may be directly capable of real-time synchronized operation at high speed. Cost is high, dynamic range is only 16 bit, and many ferrite common-mode chokes would be needed to minimize noise.